To many individuals within the twenty-first century, the Bible could seem an anachronism, however as an all-time greatest vendor, it nonetheless attracts many new commentaries. Undoubtedly, Karen Armstrong is a type of greatest certified so as to add to this huge physique of literature. Her breadth of data is spectacular. After offering a top level view of how the sixty-six books had been assembled she turns to describing how these texts have been interpreted by completely different teams of students over the ages, in a course of which she continuously reminds us known as exegesis, a Greek phrase that means to guide or information out.Karen Armstrong explains that for a whole lot of years earlier than any of the phrases had been dedicated to writing, the knowledge of the previous was handed orally from technology to technology. Story tellers have all the time been given licence to change and embellish their tales and this licence was prolonged to the generations of recent authors, many nameless or purporting to be well-known previous prophets, who reworked and rearranged the early texts. ‘From the primary, biblical authors felt free to revise the texts that they had inherited and provides them totally completely different that means.’ A lot was added and a few issues had been misplaced, however finally an effort was made to determine an official canon, a set of books permitted by spiritual authority.Two canons are mentioned. The books of the Previous Testomony, initially composed in a number of languages together with Hebrew, Aramaic and Greek, are shared by each Jews and Christians, however the books of the New Testomony, all initially composed in Greek, are used solely by Christians. Karen Armstrong describes how each Jews and Christians have undertaken the method of exegesis over the ages, every in search of new insights from outdated texts within the perception that this patchwork of historical papers preserves the hidden Phrase of God.Exegesis has been undertaken in an astonishing number of methods. Many students have devoted their lives, and faculties have labored for generations, on detailed evaluation of each e-book, chapter and verse. Most efforts have concerned trying past the phrases for an underlying that means. Others have sought new insights by linking phrases and phrases from completely different books, usually far faraway from each other in time and context. Just one system is condemned. The Bible lacks historic accuracy and comprises so many contradictions that any try at a literal understanding quickly results in confusion. Karen Armstrong is sympathetic to a lot of the spiritual teams who’ve wrestled with this literary leviathan however she warns of the hazards of literal interpretation resulting in fundamentalism.